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Numbers , CHAPTER 13

The Twelve Scouts.

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The LORD said to Moses:

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Send men to reconnoiter the land of Canaan, which I am giving the Israelites. You shall send one man from each ancestral tribe, every one a leader among them.

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So Moses sent them from the wilderness of Paran, at the direction of the LORD. All of them were leaders among the Israelites.

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These were their names:
from the tribe of Reuben, Shammua, son of Zaccur;

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from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat, son of Hori;

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from the tribe of Judah, Caleb, son of Jephunneh;

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from the tribe of Issachar, Igal;

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for the Josephites, from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea, son of Nun;

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from the tribe of Benjamin, Palti, son of Raphu;

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from the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel, son of Sodi;

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for the Josephites, from the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi, son of Susi;

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from the tribe of Dan, Ammiel, son of Gemalli;

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from the tribe of Asher, Sethur, son of Michael;

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from the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi, son of Vophsi;

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from the tribe of Gad, Geuel, son of Machi.

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These are the names of the men whom Moses sent to reconnoiter the land. But Hoshea, son of Nun, Moses called Joshua.

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In sending them to reconnoiter the land of Canaan, Moses said to them, “Go up there in the Negeb, up into the highlands,

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and see what kind of land it is and whether the people living there are strong or weak, few or many.

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Is the country in which they live good or bad? Are the towns in which they dwell open or fortified?

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Is the soil fertile or barren, wooded or clear? And do your best to get some of the fruit of the land.” It was then the season for early grapes.

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So they went up and reconnoitered the land from the wilderness of Zin as far as where Rehob adjoins Lebo-hamath.

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Going up by way of the Negeb, they reached Hebron, where Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai, descendants of the Anakim,* were. (Now Hebron had been built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)

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They also reached the Wadi Eshcol, where they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes on it, which two of them carried on a pole, as well as some pomegranates and figs.

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It was because of the cluster the Israelites cut there that they called the place Wadi Eshcol.

Their Report.

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They returned from reconnoitering the land forty days later.

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Proceeding directly to Moses and Aaron and the whole community of the Israelites in the wilderness of Paran at Kadesh, they made a report to them and to the whole community, showing them the fruit of the land.

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They told Moses: “We came to the land to which you sent us. It does indeed flow with milk and honey, and here is its fruit.

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However, the people who are living in the land are powerful, and the towns are fortified and very large.e Besides, we saw descendants of the Anakim there.

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Amalekites live in the region of the Negeb; Hittites, Jebusites and Amorites dwell in the highlands, and Canaanites along the sea and the banks of the Jordan.”

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Caleb, however, quieted the people before Moses and said, “We ought to go up and seize the land, for we can certainly prevail over it.”

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But the men who had gone up with him said, “We cannot attack these people; they are too strong for us.”

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They spread discouraging reports among the Israelites about the land they had reconnoitered, saying, “The land that we went through and reconnoitered is a land that consumes its inhabitants. And all the people we saw there are huge.

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There we saw the Nephilim (the Anakim are from the Nephilim); in our own eyes we seemed like mere grasshoppers, and so we must have seemed to them.”